The interdisciplinary book, Museums, Immigrants, and Social Justice assesses how museums can offer a powerful, and often overlooked, arena for both exploring and acting upon the interrelated issues of immigration and social justice. Based on three in-depth European case studies, spanning France, Denmark, and the UK, the research examines programs developed by leading museums to address cultural, economic, social and political inequalities. Where previous studies on museums and immigration have focused primarily on issues of cultural inequalities in collection and interpretation, Museums, Immigrants, and Social Justice adopts a more comprehensive focus that extends beyond the exhibition hall to examine the full range of programs developed by museums to address the cultural, economic, social and political inequalities facing immigrants.
Museums, Immigrants, and Social Justice offers compelling insights on the ability of museums to offer positive contributions to the issues surrounding immigration and social justice at a time when both are pressing issues in Europe. It will be of interest to scholars and students of museum studies, migration studies, sociology, human geography and politics.
L’Impact de la Culture and Europe considers a new orthodoxy: culture–led development or regeneration engenders significant positive economic and social outcomes for all, including employment or the strengthening of social cohesion and collective identity. But what are the data and evaluations leading to these overtly positive conclusions? This book critically analyses how this new orthodoxy has been sustained and the issues with it. It focuses on four case studies in Europe: Salford and Liverpool in the UK, Krakow in Poland and Lille in France. Key recommendations are detailed in the conclusion, to improve models of regeneration and evaluation.
More than half of the world’s population now live in urban areas, and cities provide the setting for contemporary challenges such as population growth, mass tourism and unequal access to socio-economic opportunities. Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability examines the impact of these issues on urban heritage, considering innovative approaches to managing developmental pressures and focusing on how taking an ethical, inclusive and holistic approach to urban planning and heritage conservation may create a stronger basis for the sustainable growth of cities in the future.
The World Heritage Convention of 1972 established a list of sites acknowledged by UNESCO to be of universal human value—World Heritage Sites. With the detailed knowledge of an insider to the heritage establishment and the critical perspective of an independent researcher, Sophia Labadi takes us through the key issues of how such sites can be compatible with cultural diversity, with notions of an authentic past, with sustainable development and tourism, and with social cohesion in the modern nation state. She finds fault with the implementation of the convention and its core value, while offering an astute resolution rooted in a more sensitive and pluralist cultural politics of tangible and intangible heritage for us all. This is essential reading for all concerned with contemporary heritage and the vital importance of the past to the present— Michael Shanks, Stanford University
‘This work provides an in-depth exploration of the basic concepts and mechanisms of the World Heritage Convention. As the Convention celebrates its 40th anniversary and reflects on its future, this book offers new insights into the reasons for its global success, into its prospects, and into its contradictions’.— Francesco Bandarin, ADG Culture, UNESCO
This book explores the international legal framework developed by UNESCO to identify and protect world heritage and its implementation at the national level. Drawing on close policy analysis of UNESCO’s major documents, extensive professional experience at UNESCO, as well as in-depth analyses of case studies from Asia, Europe, and Latin America, Sophia Labadi offers a nuanced discussion of the constitutive role of national understandings of a universalist framework. The discussion departs from considerations of the World Heritage Convention as Eurocentric and offers a more complex analysis of how official narratives relating to non-European and non-traditional heritage mark a subversion of a dominant and canonical European representation of heritage. It engages simultaneously with a diversity of discourses across the humanities and social sciences and with related theories pertaining not only to tangible and intangible heritage, conservation, and archaeology but also political science, social theory, tourism and development studies, economics, cultural, and gender studies. In doing so, it provides a critical review of many key concepts, including tourism, development, sustainability, intangible heritage, and authenticity.
Almost every researcher, teacher, and student working in the field of heritage studies will find this collection a valuable source of information and inspiration, and it should also be required reading for politicians, heritage professionals, and community activists developing strategies for the coming decade’ (Dr. Woodward- Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, November 2010, 363).
This volume analyzes the politics, policy and practice of cultural heritage at the global level, identifying the major directions in which international heritage practice is moving, and exploring the key issues likely to shape the cultural heritage field well into the twenty-first century. It examines the tensions between the universal claims of much heritage practice, particularly that associated with the World Heritage system, and national and local perspectives. It explores the international legal framework developed since World War Two to protect heritage, particularly at times of war, and from theft, showing how contemporary global problems of conflict and illicit trade continue to challenge the international legal system.
Heritage and Globalisation critiques the incorporation of heritage in the world economy through the policies of international development organisations and the global tourism trade. It also approaches heritage from seldom-considered perspectives, as a form of aid, as a development paradigm, and as a form of sustainable practice.
The book identifies some of the most pressing issues likely to face the heritage industry at a global level in coming decades, including the threat posed by climate change and the need for poverty reduction. Providing a historically and theoretically rigorous approach to heritage as a form of and manifestation of globalisation, the volume’s emphasis is on contemporary issues and new fields for heritage practice.
‘Culture is a source of prosperity and cosmopolitanism ‘(Comedia, 2003).
This quote by Comedia summarises a new orthodoxy: that culture-led development or regeneration engenders significant positive outcomes. It leads to economic growth, by attracting international events and creative businesses, and the benefits of that growth are shared by all citizens. What’s more, citizens are empowered through the creation or strengthening of individual and shared identity and social cohesion. However, this new orthodoxy has been heavily criticised. At a time of crisis and credit crunch, it becomes urgent to reassess this new orthodoxy.
This research aims to analyse critically this new orthodoxy through studying existing regeneration models and methods for the evaluation of the socio-economic impacts of the regeneration of historic urban areas or cities. This research also aims to analyse critically the impacts identified through these analyses. The final goal of this research is to propose recommendations for improving impact evaluations and regeneration models. To address these aims, different cases in England, France and Poland have been compared and contrasted.
Bandarin, F. and Labadi, S. (eds) 2007. World Heritage: challenges for the Millennium, UNESCO Publications.
This 200-page publication provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of more than three decades of the implementation of the World Heritage Convention and highlights a number of its successes and challenges. It includes a history of the 1972 Convention and its implementation, an analysis of the natural and cultural diversity of the world included on the World Heritage List, and a look at the state of conservation of World Heritage sites. Containing a wealth of information with over 100 photographs, 26 maps and numerous tables and graphs, it is intended for the general reader as well as university students and researchers, heritage conservation specialists and policy-makers