‘Culture is a source of prosperity and cosmopolitanism ‘(Comedia, 2003).
This quote by Comedia summarises a new orthodoxy: that culture-led development or regeneration engenders significant positive outcomes. It leads to economic growth, by attracting international events and creative businesses, and the benefits of that growth are shared by all citizens. What’s more, citizens are empowered through the creation or strengthening of individual and shared identity and social cohesion. However, this new orthodoxy has been heavily criticised. At a time of crisis and credit crunch, it becomes urgent to reassess this new orthodoxy.
This research critically analyses this new orthodoxy by studying existing regeneration models and methods for the evaluation of the socio-economic impacts of the regeneration of historic urban areas or cities. This research also aims to analyse critically the impacts identified through these analyses. The final goal of this research is to propose recommendations for improving impact evaluations and regeneration models. To address these aims, different cases in England, France and Poland have been compared and contrasted.